We use digital radiography and intra oral camera to minimise radiation when conducting xrays, dental software, top range dental materials, and high-tech equipments to minimise discomfort for patients. We also regularly attend courses to update our knowledge and skills as we understand that dental treatment and technology continually changes. The goal of our practice is to provide superior dental health care while creating lasting relationships with each individual patient both adults and children. We feel lucky that our career allows us to be a part of a family’s growth.
In most cases a clinical exam by itself is not sufficient to completely diagnose all potential problems with your mouth. In fact, the majority of problems with your teeth and the jawbone are not visible to the naked eye. That is why x-rays play a key role in allowing a better, and more accurate look at what is really going on inside your mouth and below your teeth and gums. By using x-rays your dentist can check for any bone loss and determine the severity of the gum disease.
In addition to revealing any problems that were not visible during the clinical exam these initial x-rays will also provide your dentist with a benchmark with which to compare against during your future visits.
The purpose of the cleaning and polishing is basically to leave the surfaces of the teeth clean and smooth so that bacteria are unable to stick to them and you have a better chance of keeping the teeth clean during your regular home care. The professional cleaning of teeth is sometimes referred to asprophylaxis (or prophy for short). It’s a Greek word which means “to prevent beforehand” – in this case, it helps prevent gum disease.
Your dentist will use an ultrasonic instrument that makes tickling vibrations to knock larger pieces of tartar loose. It also sprays a cooling mist of water while it works to wash away debris and keep the area at a proper temperature. They are by no means sharp since their purpose is to knock tartar loose and not to cut into the teeth. With larger deposits that have hardened on, it can take some time to remove these, just like trying to remove baked-on grime on a stove that has been left over a long time. So your cleaning may take longer than future cleanings. Imagine not cleaning a house for six months versus cleaning it every week. The six-month job is going to take longer than doing smaller weekly jobs. Once all the surfaces are smooth, your dentist will polish your teeth. Polishing is done using a slow speed hand piece with a soft rubber cup and prophy paste to remove stains from coffee, wine, smoking, etc.
What is Gum Disease? It is chronic swelling and infection of the gums and bone supporting the teeth. It is usually caused by bacterial plaque buildup (the colorless film that constantly forms) on the teeth and cause the gums to become inflamed an bleed easily. Gum disease is known as the major cause of adult tooth loss. If left untreated the bacterial plaque will harden into calculus (tartar), which is a rough, porous mineral buildup that is yellowish – brown in color.
Tartar forms around the gum line, and will absorb food and nicotine stains. The tartar excretes toxins causing gum inflammation, which develop into periodontal pockets. These pockets harbor more bacteria, resulting in the breakdown of the fibers that hold the gums securely to the teeth. Without treatment, this leads to the loosening of the teeth, or even tooths loss. And as the condition worsens, the infection moves deeper into the jaw to destroy the bone holding the tooth in place. Persistent bad breath generally accompanies these symptoms. Signs of gum disease include:
· Red, tender gums
· Bleeding while brushing or flossing
· Shift in bite pattern
· Presence of pus between the gum and tooth
· Chronic bad breath
· Receding gums
· Loose or separating teeth
Gum disease is reversible if caught while in the early stages (gingivitis). Your dentist wills clean your teeth to remove plaque and calculus, and bacterial toxins. She may also prescribe mouth rinse to clear up any infection. If the patient has an advanced case, the dentist may need to refer you to a Periodontist (gum specialist) to surgically trim the gums, remove the hardened plaque build-up, and re-contour the damaged bone.
Cosmetic dentistry is the art of restoring teeth to their natural looking beauty, and enhancing a smile’s aesthetic appearance, while at the same time maintaining the health and function of the teeth. Cosmetic dentistry enhances the patient’s smile, improving the patient’s self-image – resulting in a positive emotional and psychological impact on the person’s life.
There are various cosmetic dental procedures and techniques we offer at Blue Tooth Dental including;
- Tooth coloured fillings to replace unsightly silver amalgam fillings.
- Porcelain crowns and veneers to fix broken, mismatched teeth, or correct gaps between teeth.
- Implants and partial dentures to replace missing teeth.
- Office Whitening to correct stained teeth.
After a thorough dental exam your dentist will discuss customised cosmetic treatments that will create the beautiful smile that you’ve always wanted.
- Composite bonded fillings look natural and are more aesthetically pleasing.
- Composite bonding will not expand and contract with temperature changes, like amalgam (silver) fillings will. This reduces risk of tooth fractures.
- Composite bonded fillings can be prepared with fluoride, so that the fluoride releases in the tooth to help prevent recurrent decay.
Your dentist will restore chipped, cracked, discoloured or misaligned teeth by artistically applying a bonding material layer by layer to the affected teeth. It is then bonded to your teeth with a light curing technique to create a strong bond just like your own teeth.
A denture is an artificial set of removable teeth made out of acrylic resin that replace missing teeth and adjacent tissues. Partial dentures can be attached to the natural teeth using clasps or attached using crowns with hidden clasps. Dentures are necessary to prevent the remaining teeth from shifting their position in the jaw, to keep facial muscles and lips from sagging, and to allow the patient to speak and eat normally. There are three types of partial dentures:
- Valplast – Nylon resin base and clasps (translucent)
- Acrylic – Acrylic resin base with/without metal clasps
- Metal base with metal clasps
Fabrication and proper fitting of dentures can take several dental visits. First, your dentist takes an impression of the gums along with a wax bite, in order to determine the vertical dimensions and proper jaw position for the denture. The dentist may make a trial denture or “try-in” to make sure of the shape, colour and proper fit. Follow up visits for minor adjustments may be required to insure a perfect, comfortable fit.
What is Valplast? It is a nylon thermoplastic material that has several advantages over the other two types of partial dentures. Valplast partial dentures have no metal clasps and are very light weight. The material is translucent, so the patient’s own gums show through, giving a very natural appearance. Valplast partial dentures can be used to replace many or few missing teeth, and can even be modified to replace a missing tooth on only one side of the mouth, greatly enhancing its comfort. Valplast can be used for full dentures on people who have irregularities in their jaw bone that would preclude the use of the standard rigid acrylic material. Valplast is an option for cosmetic improvement of teeth that appear elongated due to recession of the gums, and for people who are allergic to the acrylic found in other types of partial dentures. Another great advantage of Valplast is its resistance to breakage, as it is surprisingly strong relative its size and weight.
Valplast partial dentures are an excellent option for the replacement of missing teeth. The cost of treatment is usually much less than either a permanent bridge or dental implants and can be completed in just two or three short visits.
They are not for people who smoke, smoking will stain them. They are hard to repair if anything goes wrong or you need to add a tooth. However many people love the feel of them.
A porcelain veneer is a thin casing of ceramic material that is cemented over the natural tooth surface. Porcelain veneers are resistant to food, coffee, tea, and cigarettes stains. Your dentist first prepares the tooth by grinding off less than half a millimetre of the natural tooth, to allow for the thickness of the veneer. She then takes an impression of the tooth, and the impression is sent to the lab for fabrication. Once the veneer is complete, she will permanently the cement the veneer to the natural tooth.
Veneers are ideal for fixing discolouration’s, irregularities and imperfections. Porcelain veneers are also great substitutions for crowns for the front teeth. The procedure for fitting and cementing the veneer requires little to no anaesthesia. With proper care, your veneer can last for years.
A dental crown is a natural looking cap that is permanently cemented over a damaged tooth in order to restore the tooth’s strength, shape and size, and improve its appearance.
Dental crowns have many uses – they are used to hold weak, broken or cracked teeth together to avoid further fracturing, support large fillings, attach a bridge, or cover discoloured or deformed teeth.
Two dental visits are typically required to fit a crown. First, your dentist will need to prepare the tooth for the crown by grinding and shaping the tooth so that the crown can be fitted over it. Next she will take an impression of the tooth and surrounding gums. The impression will be sent to a dental laboratory so that the crown can be fabricated. A temporary crown will be fitted over the tooth, until the permanent crown is ready. During the second visit, she will remove the temporary crown and the finished permanent crown will be cemented onto the prepared tooth.
A dental bridge is a dental fixture that contains a false tooth known as a “pontic”. It is used to replace one or more missing teeth. The pontic is centred between two attached porcelain crowns, to create a fixed bridge. The fixed bridge is permanently cemented to the two teeth on either side of the tooth gap.
There are three different types of dental bridges:
Traditional bridge – a false tooth (“pontic”) centred between two attached porcelain crowns
Cantilever – a bridge that attaches to only one tooth on either side of a tooth gap.
Resin bonded (“Maryland” bridge) – false teeth are fused together to metal bands and bonded to the back of teeth on either side of the gap. This type of bridge is ideal for missing teeth in the front of the mouth.
There are two teeth whitening systems available; In-Office, and Take-Home. At Blue Tooth Dental we provide our patients with the world class Opalescence take-home bleaching products.
In-Office teeth whitening
First, your dentist will evaluate your dentition and determine the shade of your teeth. Then a protective plastic coating is painted onto your gums surrounding the treatment area. This protective coating is allowed to harden and shields the gums during the bleaching process. A hydrogen peroxide-based whitening gel is then applied to the tooth enamel, and the light is exposed to the teeth to accelerate the whitening process. This light aids in activating the hydrogen peroxide and it helps it penetrate the surface of the tooth. Use of the light increases the effectiveness of the whitening gel by 26% and whitening results can last anywhere from one to five years.
Take-Home teeth whitening
After the initial evaluation, your dentist will take an impression of your teeth to prepare customised bleaching trays. Your custom trays will be ready within seven days and will be issued to you along with the appropriate bleaching kit. Your dentist will then give you a detailed instruction.
Opalescence Treswhite is also a multiple award winning, affordable, highly effective, and easy to use take-home bleaching system that we supply at Blue Tooth Dental. It is a powerful whitening gel that comes in pre-filled, disposable trays all ready to go and there is no need for impressions.
The procedure takes place in 2-4 visits. During your visits the root canal is cleaned properly so that no debris or bacteria is left behind. Your dentist will then seal off the cleaned root canal to prevent fluids and bacteria from entering the cavity. After the RCT is completed, your dentist will prepare the tooth for final restoration which in majority of cases would be a crown that allows the tooth to function normally.
Paediatric dental exams are more extensive than just looking at the teeth. The dentist performs a review of the child’s health history to determine if there is a need for any special dental care. She also monitors the growth of the jaws and development of the teeth. The dentist will clean the child’s teeth to remove any plaque or calculus. Without treatment, this build up can cause gum disease and tooth decay. The dentist will also treat the teeth with fluoride to strengthen them and make them resistant to tooth decay. Cleanings and fluoride treatments are recommended twice a year to maintain your child’s dental health and prevent decay. Prevention is a vital part of your child’s dental care. The dentist will provide instructions and tips on home dental care, such as brushing techniques.
Children generally need x-rays more often than adults since their mouths grow and change rapidly. They are also more susceptible to tooth decay. Paediatric x-rays allow the dentist to diagnose and treat conditions that cannot be visually detected during an oral examination. If dental problems are identified and treated early, dental care will be less invasive and affordable.
Paediatric dentists use sealants to help prevent tooth decay. Sealants are tooth coloured resins which are applied to the chewing surface area of the tooth. Some teeth tend to have depressions and grooves which are difficult for the child to clean. Sealants are used to fill these depressions to deter tooth decay. Application of the sealant is quick, painless (injection not required), and can be effective for many years if your child practices good oral hygiene and avoids biting hard objects.
Space maintainers are necessary when a primary tooth (baby tooth) has been lost prematurely. A space maintainer holds open the gap where the permanent tooth will come in, and avoids shifting of the neighbouring teeth. Space maintainers can be fixed or removable.
Custom-fitted mouth protectors are individually designed in order to provide the ultimate protection. First, your dentist will take an impression of your teeth and a mouth guard is then moulded over the model using a special material. Due to the use of the special material and because of the extra time and work involved, this custom-made mouth guard is more expensive than the over the counter types, but it provides the most comfort and best fit and protection. An ill-fitted mouth guard could some time be more harmful than going without one!
If you grind your teeth at night, a special mouth guard-type of dental appliance – called a bite splint — may be created to prevent tooth damage.